ePoS Bihar: Transforming Public Distribution in the Heart of India

Ensuring food security for millions remains a fundamental challenge in India. In Bihar, the ePoS (electronic Point of Sale) program has emerged as a pioneering initiative to modernize and streamline the public distribution system (PDS). ePoS Bihar is not just a technological upgrade; it’s a transformative journey towards transparency, accountability, and efficiency in delivering vital food rations to the state’s citizens.

What is ePoS Bihar?

ePoS Bihar is an electronic platform that digitally manages the entire PDS workflow, from beneficiary registration and ration allocation to biometric authentication and stock management. This system eliminates manual processes, minimizes errors, and empowers both citizens and government officials.

Benefits of ePoS Bihar:

  • Reduced leakages: By eliminating manual interventions and implementing biometric authentication, ePoS Bihar significantly reduces pilferage and ensures food reaches intended beneficiaries.
  • Improved transparency: The real-time data management system provides complete transparency in ration allocation, distribution, and stock levels, fostering greater accountability.
  • Convenience for beneficiaries: ePoS Bihar empowers beneficiaries with ration cards linked to Aadhaar, enabling them to access their entitlements from any FPS (Fair Price Shop) within the state.
  • Enhanced efficiency: The automated system streamlines processes, saving time and resources for both government officials and FPS dealers.
  • Data-driven decision making: The rich data collected through ePoS Bihar provides valuable insights to improve PDS interventions and target resources effectively.

Features of ePoS Bihar:

  • Biometric authentication: Beneficiaries are verified through fingerprint scanners at FPSs, ensuring rightful access to rations and preventing unauthorized transactions.
  • Electronic ration cards: Aadhaar-linked e-ration cards eliminate the need for physical cards, reducing the risk of loss or misuse.
  • Real-time data management: The system tracks stock levels, transactions, and beneficiary data in real-time, providing accurate and comprehensive information.
  • Mobile app: The “Annavitran” mobile app empowers beneficiaries to track their entitlements, locate nearby FPSs, and raise grievances.
  • Grievance redressal mechanism: A dedicated online platform allows beneficiaries to lodge complaints and track their resolution, ensuring accountability and responsiveness.

Using ePoS Bihar:

To benefit from the ePoS system, individuals need to:

  1. Register for an e-ration card: Ensure your Aadhaar details are linked to the PDS database.
  2. Download the “Annavitran” mobile app: This app provides access to ration information, nearby FPS locations, and grievance redressal options.
  3. Visit an FPS with your e-ration card or Aadhaar card: Biometric authentication will verify your identity and allow you to receive your entitled rations.
  4. Check your account balance and transaction details through the app: Stay informed about your ration entitlements and utilization.

Impact of ePoS Bihar:

Since its implementation, ePoS Bihar has made a significant impact on the state’s PDS landscape:

  • Reduced food grain leakages by 30-40%
  • Increased transparency and accountability in ration distribution
  • Enhanced efficiency and reduced delays in the PDS system
  • Empowered beneficiaries with greater access to food entitlements
  • Contributed to improved food security and social welfare in Bihar


ePoS Bihar serves as a shining example of how technology can revolutionize essential public services. By streamlining processes, reducing inefficiencies, and empowering citizens, ePoS Bihar is paving the way for a more equitable and transparent PDS system in Bihar. As the program continues to evolve and expand, its positive impact on the lives of millions of citizens is undeniable.


Q: Who is eligible to benefit from ePoS Bihar?

A: Any individual residing in Bihar and eligible for PDS benefits can access the ePoS system.

Q: How do I register for an e-ration card?

A: You can register at your nearest PDS office or online through the “Annavitran” app.

Q: What documents are required for e-ration card registration?

A: Aadhaar card and ration card details are essential for registration.

Q: How can I track my ration entitlements and transactions?

A: You can access this information through the “Annavitran” mobile app.

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