How to Structure a Retirement Plan if You Are a Business Owner?

Owning a business comes with its unique set of challenges and rewards. Unlike salaried individuals who have a defined retirement age, business owners have the freedom to continue working for as long as they desire. As a business owner, you can structure your retirement plan by making wise investments that allow your savings to grow over the years. Here are some options you can consider:

Public Provident Fund (PPF)

One of the safest investment options available is the Public Provident Fund (PPF). It is a government-backed scheme that not only helps you save but also offers interest on your investment. Consider allocating a portion of your savings towards PPF to create a secure corpus for your retirement.

 National Pension Scheme (NPS)

The National Pension Scheme (NPS) is another popular retirement saving scheme for both employed and self-employed individuals. It is a market-linked investment scheme that offers flexibility and growth potential. By investing in NPS, you can benefit from market returns and create a substantial retirement corpus.

Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIPs)

Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs) offer a unique combination of life insurance and investment features. They allow you to invest in different funds such as equity, debt, or a combination of both. Consider investing in ULIPs as part of your retirement plan to ensure financial protection while growing your wealth.

Pension Plans

Pension plans are specifically designed to provide a regular income after retirement. There are different types of pension plans available, including deferred annuity plans, immediate annuity plans, and pension plans with life cover.   

Mutual Funds

Mutual funds offer an opportunity to grow your wealth over time. They pool money from multiple investors and invest in a diversified portfolio of securities. Mutual funds can be a valuable addition to your retirement portfolio, allowing you to participate in the growth of the market even after retirement.

Structuring Your Retirement Savings

Now that we have explored various investment options for your retirement plan, let us discuss how you can structure your savings effectively:

How Much Should You Invest?

The amount you should invest depends on several factors, including your current and future expenses, goals, present income, and liabilities. As a small business owner, it is recommended to contribute at least 20% of your income towards retirement savings. This higher contribution percentage is crucial due to the potential risks involved in running a business. By allocating this amount specifically for retirement, you safeguard your future financial well-being.

Allocation in Different Investments

Diversification is key when it comes to structuring your retirement savings. Relying on a single investment may increase your risk exposure. Consider allocating a portion of your savings towards ULIPs, taking advantage of the tax benefits associated with premiums up to Rs 2,50,000 per year. The remaining amount can be invested in NPS or other suitable options based on your risk appetite and financial goals.

The Importance of Term Insurance for Business Owners

As a business owner, securing your family’s financial future is paramount. Buying best term insurance plan is an essential component of any comprehensive retirement plan for self-employed individuals. Here are five reasons why term insurance should be a part of your financial strategy:

  1. Countering the Lack of Employer Benefits: As a self-employed individual, you may not have access to employer benefits such as health insurance or provident fund. Term insurance provides a financial cushion for your family in case of unfortunate events like death.
  2. Taking Care of Business Obligations: Your business obligations should not burden your family financially after you are gone. Term insurance can help cover any unpaid loans or business-related expenses, ensuring that your family is not left with added financial stress.
  3. Tax Benefits: Investing in term insurance offers tax benefits under section 80C of the Income Tax Act, reducing your taxable income. The premium paid for term insurance can be claimed as a deduction of up to Rs 1.5 lakhs per financial year.
  4. Single Premium Option: As a self-employed individual, you may have irregular income streams. Opting for a single premium term insurance plan allows you to pay the entire premium upfront, providing continuous coverage regardless of your cash flow.
  5. Financial Assistance in Critical Illness or Disability: Term insurance plans often offer additional coverage for critical illnesses or disabilities. This ensures that you and your family are financially protected in case of any unforeseen medical emergencies.

By including term insurance in your retirement plan, you provide financial security for yourself and your loved ones. You must use a term insurance calculator to carefully consider your needs and the investments that you should be making. 


As a business owner, planning for retirement is essential to secure your financial future. By structuring your retirement plan effectively, diversifying investments, and considering options like PPF, NPS, ULIPs, pension plans, and mutual funds, you can create a robust retirement corpus. Additionally, incorporating term insurance into your financial strategy protects your family’s well-being in case of unfortunate events. 

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